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What do nearsighted and farsighted actually mean?

Ah yes… One of the most common questions we get at Atlanta Vision Studio… How well we see without glasses or contact lenses is determined by the shape of our eyes. Our eyes are all shaped differently. As a result, your glasses or contacts are specific to you, not your sister, child, friend, dog, or goldfish…

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

With myopes, naturally the eyes are too strong for clearly viewing distance objects. As a result, myopes tend to see better during reading tasks as opposed to distance tasks. If you wear simple spherical contact lenses, you may notice that the power starts with minus (-) symbol. The lowest amount of nearsightedness measurable is (-0.25). Myopia this low is barely noticeable. The highest amount of myopia I have seen so far was over (-35.00)!

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

With hyperopes, naturally the eyes are too weak for clearly viewing distance tasks. Every normal eye has a focusing muscle, called the ciliary body, which functions similar to the focus button of a camera. Ideally, we would only use this muscle when we read, but hyperopes also engage this muscle when viewing distance objects to keep far objects clear. Typically hyperopes tend to see distance targets better than near ones. The ciliary muscle is strongest during childhood. As a result, many children with a low amount of hyperopia (+1.00 to +1.50) may not require glasses because of the strength of the ciliary body. This of course is not always the case. Hyperopes have a greater tendency to get eye strain and headaches during sustained near tasks than myopes do. These symptoms are often the turning point, moving many hyperopes into spectacles for the first time.

At Atlanta Vision Studio, we specialize in unique boutique eyewear, specialty contact lenses, and medical eyecare. However, we still see patients for routine eyecare related to the need for vision correction. If you would like to explore vision correction options via spectacles, traditional contact lenses, or refractive surgery, call us at (470)273-5304 to schedule an evaluation.